The influence of the Iranian Regime in Syria raises serious concerns among other Middle East countries. According to experts, Iran’s removal from Syria will be particularly complicated. The first and most important factor, is the 2015 nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5+1 countries (the U.S., UK, France, China and Russia, and Germany) which makes international action against Iran more difficult.
The agreement legitimized the Iranian Regime and encouraged business ties between Iran and the rest of the world, thus many countries have invested too much in Iran to challenge them militarily. The Iranian Regime is all too aware of this and is using it to their advantage in order to seize power in Syria when the civil war ends.
In theory, Russia has a vested interested in the removal of Iran, because they are a direct competitor in Syria and would like to maintain a military presence there after the war was over. But Iran isn’t going to give up without a fight. The Iranian mullahs see this as an opportunity to expand Iran’s influence across the Middle East. Not to mention the money that they’ve already invested in the war and the troops and equipment that they’ve already lost.
Russian President Vladimir Putin recently met with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to discuss concerns over the establishment of a permanent Iranian military presence in Syria. The Russians may even be able to justify a limitation of Iran’s deployment of missiles in order to maintain stability and prevent the Iranian Regime from endangering the Assad regime.